Resiliency experiences of the youth against substance abuse: A qualitative study


Salah Adin Karimi 1 , * , Maryam Sharifian sani 1 , Hassan Rafiee 1 , Farahnaz Mohamadi 2 , Mahboube hossaini 1 , Bahar Zamiran 1 , Sina Ahmadi 1 , Eisa Safavi 1 , Ebrahim Ahmadi 1 , Toktam Paykani 1

1 Dept. of Social Welfare Management, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Karimi S A, Sharifian sani M, Rafiee H, Mohamadi F, hossaini M, et al. Resiliency experiences of the youth against substance abuse: A qualitative study, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 19(4):e69868. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i4.2497.


Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (4); e69868
Published Online: September 19, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: March 16, 2015
Accepted: September 01, 2015




Background: Many researches have been done on the addiction process, but few studies have examined the process of resiliency against addiction. This study was aimed to identify the facilitating and inhibiting factors in the young people’s resiliency process by analyzing their living experiences.

Methodology: This qualitative study was based on grounded theory with Strauss and Corbin’s approach. The data underwent open, axial and selective coding. The study focused on Darvaze Ghar neighborhood of Tehran. Data were collected through open unstructured interviews and focus group discussion. In total, 21 interviews were conducted with 12 respondents and a focus group discussion was held with 7 participants. Lincoln and Guba (1985) scales were used to ensure the trustworthiness of the study.

Results: The obtained codes were classified into 19 categories, including personal characteristics, family support, culture, spirituality, spiritual beliefs, environment, and social interventions. According to their nature, these categories were facilitating or inhibiting the process of resiliency against substance abuse.

Conclusion: The youth with more religious beliefs, awareness, self-confidence, optimism and hatred towards drugs are more resilient against substance abuse. Moreover, the families with a higher sense of responsibility trust and monitor their children’s activities, talk to them about different issues and provide them with good trainings from the very childhood; therefore their children will be more resilient against addiction.


qualitative research resiliency substance abuse facilitating factors inhibiting factors

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.



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