The years lived with disability due to road traffic accidents based on the nature of injuries in Kermanshah province (2010)

AUTHORS

Neda Izadi 1 , Farid Najafi 2 , Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari 3 , Hamid Soori 4 , * , Arash Salari 5

1 Deputy of Treatment, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Safety Promotion & Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Safety Promotion & Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

5 Legal Medicine Research Center, Iran

How to Cite: Izadi N, Najafi F, Hashemi Nazari S S, Soori H, Salari A. The years lived with disability due to road traffic accidents based on the nature of injuries in Kermanshah province (2010), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 18(12):e70728. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i12.1937.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (12); e70728
Published Online: March 29, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 17, 2014
Accepted: February 03, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Traffic accidents, with lots of casualties and injuries, cause a lot of economic loss. This study was conducted to determine the Years Lived with Disability (YLD) due to road traffic accidents according to the nature of injuries in Kermanshah province.    

Methods: following a pilot study, a sample of 3258 people was analyzed in order to calculate the YLD. Then, based on various factors, the age, gender and nature of injury of 10070 people were estimated. The YLD was calculated using the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) (2010). The data concerning age and gender of the total population of the province was taken from the Statistical Center of Iran. All calculations were performed based on age and gender in Excel software.

Results: The mean age of the injured people was 32.7±17.1. Men constituted 67.7 % of patients. The incidence rate of traffic accidents was 283.6 per 100,000. The highest levels of YLD in outpatients, men and women were reported for patella, tibia, fibula and ankle fractures and fractures of clavicle, scapula, humerus and skull, respectively. The highest rate of inpatient YLDs by nature of injury belonged to the fractures of sternum, ribs and face bone. The years lived with disability was calculated to be 2365.96 years (2.46 per 1000) and 1039.01 years (1.1 per 1000) for men and women, respectively. It was 3404.97 years (1.79 per 1000) in both genders. The highest YLD was in the age group of 15–29.

Conclusion: Traffic accidents are high rate of YLD is resulted by traffic accidents. The most affected age group are youngsters and fracture are more frequent.

Keywords

YLD GBD nature of injury road traffic accidents Kermanshah

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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