The relationship of air pollution and asthma patients admitted to hospitals in Kermanshah (2008-2009)

AUTHORS

Razieh Khamutian 1 , Abdolah Dargahi 2 , Mohammad Soltanian 2 , * , Farid Najafi 3 , Alireza Afshari 4

1 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), School of public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Khamutian R, Dargahi A, Soltanian M, Najafi F, Afshari A. The relationship of air pollution and asthma patients admitted to hospitals in Kermanshah (2008-2009), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 18(10):e74007. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i10.1862.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (10); e74007
Published Online: January 29, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: July 05, 2014
Accepted: December 09, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Industrialization and urbanization have had a devastating impact on public health. Asthma is considered as one of the major challenges of public health. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between air pollution and the number of asthma patients admitted to hospitals in Kermanshah, Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional and ecological study, the data on the number of asthma patients, the concentration levels of air pollutants and weather conditions were collected from the city of Kermanshah. To determine the association between asthma patients admitted to hospitals and air pollutants, Poisson regression was used (P<0.05).

Results: according to the statistical analysis, air pollutants had significant correlation with each other. Based on the results of multiple Poisson regression, among air pollutants CO and O3 were significantly correlated with the number of asthma patients referred to hospitals, with relative risk of 1.18 and 1.016, respectively, and based on the results of single Poisson regression, among air pollutants NOx, NO, NO2 and CO were significantly correlated with the number of asthma patients referred to hospitals with relative risk of 1.011, 1.012, 1.054 and 1.247, respectively.

Conclusion: according to the results of the present study, there was a significant association between air pollutants (mainly carbon monoxide and ozone) and the total number of asthma patients referred to the hospitals in Kermanshah.

Keywords

air pollution asthma hospital

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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