The relationships of carotid arthroscleroses with coronary artery stenosis in candidates for angiography

AUTHORS

Mohammad Reza Saeidi 1 , * , Hosein Karim 1 , Ali Reza Ray 1 , Nahid Salehi 1 , Bijan Kaboudi 2 , Mehran Babanejad 3 , Farid Najafi 3

1 Dept. of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 General Practitioner, Kermanshah health center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Saeidi M R, Karim H, Ray A R, Salehi N, Kaboudi B, et al. The relationships of carotid arthroscleroses with coronary artery stenosis in candidates for angiography, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(6):e74088. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i6.1618.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (6); e74088
Published Online: September 29, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 12, 2014
Accepted: September 16, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Coronary artery and carotid stenosis risk factors are frequently common in these two problems. The present study was aimed to determine the relationships between carotid arthroscleroses and coronary artery stenosis in candidates for cardiovascular angiography.

Methods: In a cross sectional study, 218 candidates for cardiovascular angiography, visiting Imam Ali hospital of Kermanshah, were divided into two groups of case (158 subjects) and control (60 subjects) and were investigated by angiography and Doppler echo. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test (χ2) and multiple logistic regressions.

Results: Totally, 47 subjects (21.6%) had carotid stenosis with >50% plaque. The frequencies of this value in the case and control groups were 37 (23.4%) and 10 (16.7%) cases, respectively, indicating no significant difference between groups (P=0.27). There was a significant association between coronary artery and carotid stenosis, and female gender (P=0.008). However, no significant correlation was observed between smoking and history of hypertension in terms of age (P<0.05).

Conclusion: There was no significant association between coronary artery and carotid stenosis occurrence. However, among independent risk factors, only females had an effective role in their co-occurrence. Therefore, considering the females with coronary artery or carotid stenosis and conducting preventive measures are recommended to prevent co-occurrence of these two problems.

Keywords

Coronary stenosis carotid atherosclerosis gender

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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