A survey on the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and job performance of the staff at doctor Kermanshahi hospital

AUTHORS

Ashkan Chavoshi 1 , * , Seyed Reza Hashemi 2

1 Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Statistics, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Chavoshi A, Hashemi S R. A survey on the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and job performance of the staff at doctor Kermanshahi hospital, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 17(11):e74312. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v17i11.1426.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (11); e74312
Published Online: February 27, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 05, 2013
Accepted: December 03, 2013
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Abstract

Background: Understanding the factors affecting the performance of the staff in organizations will lead to increased their efficiency. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) on job performance in Dr. Kermanshahi hospital in Kermanshah. OCB is a voluntary behavior that goes beyond formal job descriptions of the staff and improves organizational performance .

Methods: This descriptive-analytical study, which was based on structural equation modeling, was conducted in 2012.The study population included 311 staff at doctor Muhammad Kermanshahi hospital that were selected by simple random sampling. To evaluate the concepts of organizational citizenship behavior, job performance and personality attributes, Podsakoff, Patterson and NEO questionnaires were used, respectively. Data were analyzed by SPSS and AMOS software (version 21).

Results: The results of the study revealed that 57% of respondents were women, 37.8% were in the age group 25 to 35 years, 40.7% had bachelor's degree and 30.2%  had less than 5 years of experience. Also, personality characteristics of the staff affected their job performance. There was a significant relationship between organizational citizenship behaviour and job performance.

Conclusions: This study confirmed the effects of OCB on promoting the performance of the staff. So, we can reinforce OCB in the hospital by taking advantage of the benefits of meta-functional behaviors in organization and consequently promoting the performance of the staff to.

Keywords

Organizational citizenship behavior job performance hospital personal characteristics

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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