The relationship between aggression rates and drugs abuse among posttraumatic stress disorder patients

AUTHORS

Faezeh Tatari 1 , Sayyed Ali Mousavi 2 , Mansour Rezaei 2 , * , Elahe Khoshbakht 3

1 Dept. of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Tatari F, Mousavi S A, Rezaei M, Khoshbakht E. The relationship between aggression rates and drugs abuse among posttraumatic stress disorder patients, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 17(8):e74395.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (8); e74395
Published Online: November 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 08, 2013
Accepted: October 01, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder, whose prevalence was 2-15%. PTSD is associated with mood, anxiety, personality and substance use disorders (SUD). The substance user patients with PTSD have more problems, and severity of symptoms is more than non-substance users with PTSD patients. These patients may be nervous, aggressive, and restless and their function will be affected in many aspects. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between aggression levels and substances use among PTSD patients.

Methods: Among patients with PTSD referred to Kermanshah Farabi Hospital in 2011,182 cases were selected and their aggression levels were assessed by Buss & Perry Aggression Questionnaire. The aggression levels in PTSD patients with and without SUD were compared.

Result: The highest frequencies were in middle-aged (81.1%), males (91.8%), married (77.5%) and poor economic status (63.2%) patients. Substances using was higher among married patients and the most abused substances was opium. Substances consumption was higher among patients with lower socioeconomic status and opium and amphetamines were the most abused substance. Most PTSD types were related to after-war events (70.3%). Mean of total aggression was higher in SUD. Rate of total aggression was higher in patients using opium.

Conclusion: Compared to those without PTSD, individuals with this disorder are more likely to have aggression. Patients with concurrent PTSD and SUD suffer from more severe complaints and show worse treatment outcomes compared with patients with either disorder alone.

Keywords

posttraumatic stress disorder aggression substances use disorder

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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