The effect of counseling on anxiety after traumatic childbirth in nulliparous women; a single blind randomized clinical trial

AUTHORS

Mahnaz Azizi 1 , Meinour Lamyian 2 , * , Soghrat Faghihzade 3 , Mariam Nematollahzade 1

1 Dept. of Midwifery, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Biostatistic, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Azizi M, Lamyian M, Faghihzade S, Nematollahzade M. The effect of counseling on anxiety after traumatic childbirth in nulliparous women; a single blind randomized clinical trial, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2010 ; 14(3):e79475.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 14 (3); e79475
Published Online: December 19, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 26, 2009
Accepted: April 20, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Traumatic birthing mothers may expose more susceptible to experiences posttraumatic mental disorder such as anxiety. This study aimed to determine the effect of midwifery counseling intervention on the anxiety level after traumatic childbirth of primiparous women.

Methods: In a randomized control trial 180 woman who had experienced traumatic childbirth based on DSM-IV criteria have been selected. The subjects were randomly divided into an intervention (n=90) and control (n=90) groups. The intervention group received midwifery counseling during two sessions and control group just received routin health care after childbirth. Both groups were followed up with partial – blind technique and compared 4-6 weeks and 3 months post partum. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics by SPSS software.

  Results: Demographic characteristics, pregnancy complications and social support level were the same in both groups. In addition, there was no significant difference between two groups according to stress, depression and anxiety level before intervention (P>0.05). There was significant difference between two groups in anxiety level after 4-6 weeks and 3 months followup (P<0.001).

Conclusion: Findings of this research shows that performing midwifery-counseling program may have significant effect on decreasing of anxiety level after traumatic childbirth.

Keywords

traumatic childbirth anxiety midwifery counseling

© 2010, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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