F ever of unknown Origin in Children, Aged 3 Months- 14 Years, in Ahvaz( 1998-2003)

AUTHORS

T Ziae Kajbaf 1 , * , A Shamsizadeh 1 , MR Dezfooli Ghandizade 1 , A Abbaspoor 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Ziae Kajbaf T, Shamsizadeh A, Dezfooli Ghandizade M, Abbaspoor A. F ever of unknown Origin in Children, Aged 3 Months- 14 Years, in Ahvaz( 1998-2003), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2006 ; 10(1):e81710.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 10 (1); e81710
Published Online: June 19, 2006
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 19, 2004
Accepted: February 21, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction : Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is defined as; the presence of fever for 8 or more days in a child in which a careful history and physical examination and preliminary laboratory data fail to reveal  the probable cause of the fever. The causes of FUO are different in various geographical regions.The aim of this study was to evaluate the common causes of childhood FUO in our region.

Materials and Methods: The medical records of all children ( 3 mo – 14 years) with final diagnosis of FUO who were admitted in hospitals affiliated to Ahvas  Jondi-Shapoor University of Medical Sciences were evaluated during 6 years retrospectively.

Results: 35 patients enrolled in this study. The causes of FUO in these patients were: infectious diseases, 12 cases (34.28%), collagen-vascular diseases, 8 (22.85%), neoplasms, 3(8.57%), miscellaneous, 2(5.73%) & undiagnosed, 10(28.57%). The mortality rate was 5 cases (14.28%).

Conclusion: The most common cause of FUO in our region was infectious diseases and Kala-azar was the most common infectious disease which presented that FUO.

Keywords

FUO Pediatric Kala-azar – Ahvaz

© 2006, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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